A Shiny Coat - Maltese
Why Is Nutrition Important to Skin and Coat Health?
Nutrients such as protein, fat, vitamins
and minerals are important players in the skin and coat health of dogs and cats.
To understand their role, it is necessary to start with understanding skin and
The purpose of skin and hair is to block things from leaving (such as water or
heat) or entering (such as viruses and bacteria) the body.
The hair coat is composed almost entirely of protein. If the Maltese Puppy�s
diet doesn�t contain adequate protein quantity and quality, hair may fall out,
or become dry, weak and brittle.
Skin is made up of squamous cells, flat cells tightly packed together. These
cells have tough membranes that are composed of proteins and fats. Without
proper amounts of these nutrients, cell membranes weaken, allowing water to
escape and bacteria and viruses to enter more easily.
Essential Amino Acids and Fatty Acids
Proteins are found in both Maltese
Puppy-based and plant-based ingredients. Maltese Puppy-based proteins contain
all the essential amino acids dogs and cats need, whereas plant-based proteins
may contain only some essential amino acids. Dogs and cats need Maltese
Puppy-based proteins to achieve optimal health.
Fats can also be found in both Maltese Puppy-based and plant-based ingredients.
They are incorporated into skin cells as fatty acids. There are two essential
fatty acids for skin and coat health. Linoleic acid maintains skin and coat
condition in dogs and cats. Without enough linoleic acid dogs and cats may
experience dull, dry coat, hair loss, greasy skin and increased susceptibility
to skin inflammation. Cats also require arachidonic acid for normal skin and
Both of these are omega-6 fatty acids and are found in Maltese Puppy tissues
like chicken fat and in vegetable oils (corn and soybean).
However, most commercial dog and cat diets contain more than adequate amounts of
omega-6 fatty acids. Because these fatty acids can be converted to compounds
that promote skin inflammation, it is important to balance the amount of omega-6
fatty acids in the diet with omega-3 fatty acids, which do not promote
Omega-3 fatty acids are found in oils from fish and some plants (canola and
Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamins and minerals are essential for the
development of healthy skin and hair coat. The best way to provide these
nutrients is through a complete and balanced diet containing appropriate amounts
of essential vitamins and minerals rather than through supplements.