Pomeranian Breed Standard
The Pomeranian is a compact, short-backed, active toy dog. He has a soft, dense
undercoat with a profuse harsh-textured outer coat. His heavily plumed tail is
set high and lies flat on his back. He is alert in character, exhibits
intelligence in expression, is buoyant in deportment, and is inquisitive by
nature. The Pomeranian is cocky, commanding, and animated as he gaits. He is
sound in composition and action.
Size, Proportion, Substance
The average weight of the Pomeranian is from 3 to 7 pounds, with the ideal
weight for the show specimen being 4 to 6 pounds. Any dog over or under the
limits is objectionable. However, overall quality is to be favored over size.
The distance from the point of shoulder to the point of buttocks is slightly
shorter than from the highest point of the withers to the ground. the distance
from the brisket to the ground is half the height at the withers. He is
medium-boned, and the length of his legs is in proportion to a well-balanced
frame. When examined, he feels sturdy.
The head is in balance with the body. The muzzle
is rather short, straight, fine, free of lippiness and never snipey. His
expression is alert and may be referred to as fox-like. The skull
is closed. The top of the skull is slightly rounded, but not domed. When viewed
from the front and side, one sees small ears which are mounted high and
carried erect. To form a wedge, visualize a line from the tip of the nose
ascending through the center of the eyes and the tip of the ears. The eyes
are dark, bright, medium in size and almond-shaped. They are set well into the
skull on either side of a well-pronounced stop. The pigmentation is black on the
nose and eye rims except self-colored in brown, beaver, and blue dogs. The
teeth meet in a scissors bite. One tooth out of alignment
is acceptable. Major Faults: Round, domed skull; under-shot mouth;
Neck, Topline, Body
The neck is short with its base set well into the
shoulders to allow the head to be carried high. The back
is short with a level topline. The body is compact
and well-ribbed with brisket reaching the elbow. The plumed tail is one
of the characteristics of the breed, and lies flat and straight on the back.
The Pomeranian has sufficient layback of shoulders to carry the neck and head
proud and high. The shoulders and legs are moderately muscled. The
length of the shoulder blade and upper arm are equal. The forelegs
are straight and parallel to each other. Height from elbows to withers
approximately equals height from ground to elbow. The pasterns are straight and
strong. The feet are well-arched, compact, and turn neither in nor out.
He stands well up on his toes. Dewclaws may be removed. Major
Faults: Down in pasterns.
The angulation of the hindquarters balances that of the forequarters. The
buttocks are well behind the set of the tail. The thighs are moderately muscled
with stifles that are moderately bent and clearly
defined. The hocks are perpendicular to the ground and the legs
are straight and parallel to each other. The feet
are well-arched, compact, and turn neither in nor out. He stands well
up on his toes. Dewclaws, if any on the hind legs may be removed.
Major Faults: Cowhocks or lack of soundness in hind legs or stifles.
The Pomeranian's gait is smooth, free, balanced and vigorous. He has good reach
in his forequarters and strong drive with his hindquarters. Each rear leg moves
in line with the foreleg on the same side. To achieve balance, his legs converge
slightly inward toward a center line beneath his body. The rear and front legs
are thrown neither in nor out. The topline remains level, and his overall
balance and outline are maintained.
A Pomeranian is noted for its double coat. The undercoat is soft and
dense. The outer-coat is long, straight, glistening and harsh in
texture. A thick undercoat will hold up and permit the guard hair to stand off
from the Pomeranian's body. The coat is abundant from the neck and fore part of
shoulders and chest, forming a frill which extends over the shoulders and chest.
The head and leg coat is tightly packed and shorter in length than that of the
body. The forequarters are well-feathered and thighs and hind legs
well-feathered to the hock. The tail is profusely covered with long, harsh,
spreading straight hair. Trimming for neatness and a clean outline is
permissible. Major Faults: Soft, flat or open coat.
All colors, patterns, and variations there-of are allowed and must be judged on
an equal basis. Patterns: Black and Tan - tan or rust sharply
defined, appearing above each eye and on muzzle, throat, and forechest, on all
legs and feet and below the tail. The richer the tan the more desirable;
Brindle - the base color is gold, red, or orange-brindled with strong black
cross stripes; Parti-color - is white with any other color distributed
in patches with a white blaze preferred on the head. Classifications:
The Open Classes at specialty shows may be divided by color as follows: Open
Red, Orange, Cream, and Sable; Open Black, Brown, and Blue; Open Any Other
Color, Pattern, or Variation.
The Pomeranian is an extrovert, exhibiting great intelligence and a vivacious
spirit, making him a great companion dog as well as a competitive show dog.