New Year's resolutions are often made without really
thinking about long term commitment to those goals. Getting your Teacup
Maltese Puppy into a routine for
obedience work, no matter what age he or she may be is a simple and easy New
Year's plan that won't take up a lot of your time but will actually pay off
in a better behaved, more well adjusted Teacup Maltese Puppy
within just a few training sessions.
Never call the Teacup Maltese Puppy
to you and punish the dog, this will only confuse the issue with the come
command and will lead to a dog that runs when they think they are in
If you have decided to invest in a puppy in the last year, or perhaps even
took the ownership plunge as part of a family Christmas present, it is
really never too early to start obedience work. Puppies a few weeks old can
quickly begin to recognize and respond to their name and some basic commands
such as sit and even lie down. They are not likely to be able to develop
more complicated routines, but even housetraining is a form of obedience
work, as is crate training and providing socialization opportunities.
The area where you are going to work on obedience with a Teacup Maltese
Puppy or a puppy is not critical, but it
should be an area that is familiar to the dog and is relatively distraction
free. An area that is familiar to the Teacup Maltese Puppy
is less likely to draw the Teacup Maltese Puppy
's attention away from you and a distraction free area helps with focus.
Once your Teacup Maltese Puppy or puppy
has the basics down, you will then want to move him or her to different
areas to practice commands and skills even when there are minor and major
distractions. This will come with time and is not the place to start your
If you have other dogs, it is important to be able to work one on one with
each dog. Perhaps another family member could take the other pet to another
room or take them out for a walk to give you time to work alone with the new
Teacup Maltese Puppy . Of course you can also reverse this and spend
some one on one time with the older Teacup Maltese Puppy
as well, obedience refreshers are important as well as essential even for
older Teacup Maltese Puppy s.
Never try to work with your Teacup Maltese Puppy
or puppy immediately upon getting home from work or being away from the
house. The dog will be excited just to have you home and will not be able to
calm down and focus. Give them some time to adjust, perhaps take them for a
walk or a play in the yard to burn off that stored up energy. When they are
calm and relaxed, that is the time to get busy with obedience work.
Start with the basic come command. Always say the dogs name, make eye
contact with the Teacup Maltese Puppy , then
give the "come" command. Hold a small treat in sight of the dog or puppy if
they don't naturally move towards you. As soon as they get to you give them
the treat. Don't hold the treat up or encourage jumping, bend over and have
it at the right height for the dog or puppy to easily take. Most dogs or
puppies will have a limit to how many times they will repeat the same
command before becoming bored, so only do each command once or twice in a
row and move on to something else.
Once the Teacup Maltese Puppy or puppy
is approaching you on command, the next step is to teach sit. Sit is
actually very simple if you work with the dog instead of against him or her.
As the dog is approaching you hold the treat at the dog's forehead height,
just above the muzzle level. When he or she is at the treat say "Fido, sit"
and move the treat back to an imaginary spot above the middle of the head
between the ears. The dog will naturally trace the movement with his or her
muzzle up and back and the hind end will crouch into a sitting position.
Immediately give the treat and lots of praise and attention.
By pairing the sit command after the come command is mastered, your Teacup
Maltese Puppy will always know that the
way to get attention is to come to you and then sit. This will prevent the
bad habit of jumping from ever becoming an issue.
Once you have sit and come mastered, you can then move on to more
complicated commands such as lie down, shake a paw, roll over, fetch and of
course heel on a leash. These commands, just like the come and sit command
should be taught by saying the Teacup Maltese Puppy
's name, giving the command, then giving a reward and lots of praise for
doing what is asked.
There are some things that people should never do in basic obedience
training with a Teacup Maltese Puppy or
puppy. They include:
Never yell at the dog or punish the Teacup Maltese Puppy
by spanking or hitting, ignoring or a firm "no" followed by ignoring is all
that should be required.
Never let a Teacup Maltese Puppy get
away with something one day and then expect him or her to not try the same
thing the next day. Staying consistent will be the best strategy.
Never push the dog beyond their focus and attention ability. Keeping
obedience training sessions short but doing them multiple times a day is the
Always provide lots of praise and attention for a job well done and remember
that playtime is an important part of rapport building with your dog. Ending
sessions on a positive note and then going for a walk, a game of fetch or
just a good old tummy rub is often the best and most positive way to make
sure your dog keeps looking forward to obedience work.